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使用 Flutter 实现一个走马灯布局

效果

实现的效果如下,当前页面的高度比其它页面高,切换页面的时候有一个高度变化的动画。实现这样的效果主要用到的是 PageView.builder 部件。

开发

创建首页

首先创建一个 IndexPage 部件,这个部件用来放 PageView,因为需要使用 setState 方法更新 UI,所以它是 stateful 的。

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

class IndexPage extends StatefulWidget {
  @override
  _IndexPageState createState() => _IndexPageState();
}

class _IndexPageState extends State<IndexPage> {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        elevation: 0.0,
        backgroundColor: Colors.white,
      ),
      body: Column(
        children: <Widget>[],
      ),
    );
  }
}

然后在部件内申明一个 _pageIndex 变量用来保存当前显示的页面的 index,在 initState 生命周期里面初始化一个 PageController 用来配置 PageView 部件。

bodyColumn 里面创建一个 PageView.builder,使用一个 SizedBox 部件指定 PageView 的高度,将 controller 设置为 _pageController,在 onPageChanged 事件里将当前显示页面的 index 值赋值给 _pageIndex 变量。

int _pageIndex = 0;
PageController _pageController;

@override
void initState() {
  super.initState();
  _pageController = PageController(
    initialPage: 0,
    viewportFraction: 0.8,
  );
}

body: Column(
  children: <Widget>[
    SizedBox(
      height: 580.0,
      child: PageView.builder(
        itemCount: 3,
        pageSnapping: true,
        controller: _pageController,
        onPageChanged: (int index) {
          setState(() {
            _pageIndex = index;
          });
        },
        itemBuilder: (BuildContext ctx, int index) {
          return _buildItem(_pageIndex, index);
        },
      ),
    ),
  ],
),

关键点: 设置 PageControllerviewportFraction 参数小于 1,这个值是用来设置每个页面在屏幕上显示的比例,小于 1 的话,就可以在当前页面同时显示其它页面的内容了。

/// The fraction of the viewport that each page should occupy.
/// Defaults to 1.0, which means each page fills the viewport in the scrolling direction.
final double viewportFraction;

实现 _buildItem

接着实现 _buildItem 方法,这个方法就是返回 PageView.builder 里每一个页面渲染的内容,第一个参数 activeIndex 是当前显示在屏幕上页面的 index,第二个参数 index 是每一项自己的 index

使用一个 Center 部件让内容居中显示,然后用一个 AnimatedContainer 添加页面切换时的高度变化的动画效果,切换页面的时候使用了setState 方法改变了 _pageIndexFlutter 重新绘制每一项。关键点在于判断当前页面是否为正在显示的页面,是的话它的高度就是 500 不是的话就是 450。

_buildItem(activeIndex, index) {
  return Center(
    child: AnimatedContainer(
      curve: Curves.easeInOut,
      duration: Duration(milliseconds: 300),
      height: activeIndex == index ? 500.0 : 450.0,
      margin: EdgeInsets.symmetric(vertical: 20.0, horizontal: 10.0),
      decoration: BoxDecoration(
        color: heroes[index].color,
        borderRadius: BorderRadius.all(Radius.circular(12.0)),
      ),
      child: Stack(),
    ),
  );
}

添加内容

然后给 AnimatedContainer 添加每一项的内容

child: Stack(
  fit: StackFit.expand,
  children: <Widget>[
    ClipRRect(
      borderRadius: BorderRadius.all(
        Radius.circular(12.0),
      ),
      child: Image.network(
        heroes[index].image,
        fit: BoxFit.cover,
      ),
    ),
    Align(
      alignment: Alignment.bottomCenter,
      child: Row(
        children: <Widget>[
          Expanded(
            child: Container(
              padding: EdgeInsets.all(12.0),
              decoration: BoxDecoration(
                color: Colors.black26,
                borderRadius: BorderRadius.only(
                  bottomRight: Radius.circular(12.0),
                  bottomLeft: Radius.circular(12.0),
                ),
              ),
              child: Text(
                heroes[index].title,
                textAlign: TextAlign.center,
                style: TextStyle(
                  fontSize: 20.0,
                  fontWeight: FontWeight.bold,
                  color: Colors.white,
                ),
              ),
            ),
          )
        ],
      ),
    ),
  ],
),

实现指示器

然后实现页面的指示器,创建一个 PageIndicator 部件,需要传入 pageCount 表示总页数,以及 currentIndex 表示当前显示的页数索引。把所有指示器放在一个 Row 部件里,判断当前指示器的 index 是否为正在显示页面的 index,是的话显示较深的颜色。

class PageIndicator extends StatelessWidget {
  final int pageCount;
  final int currentIndex;

  const PageIndicator(this.currentIndex, this.pageCount);

  Widget _indicator(bool isActive) {
    return Container(
      width: 6.0,
      height: 6.0,
      margin: EdgeInsets.symmetric(horizontal: 3.0),
      decoration: BoxDecoration(
        color: isActive ? Color(0xff666a84) : Color(0xffb9bcca),
        shape: BoxShape.circle,
        boxShadow: [
          BoxShadow(
            color: Colors.black12,
            offset: Offset(0.0, 3.0),
            blurRadius: 3.0,
          ),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }

  List<Widget> _buildIndicators() {
    List<Widget> indicators = [];
    for (int i = 0; i < pageCount; i++) {
      indicators.add(i == currentIndex ? _indicator(true) : _indicator(false));
    }
    return indicators;
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Row(
      mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
      children: _buildIndicators(),
    );
  }
}

添加 PageIndicatorSizedBox 下放

最后的最后优化一下代码,把部件封装一下,让它成为一个单独的部件,创建一个 Carousel 部件,对外暴露 itemsheight 两个属性,分别配置数据和高度。

class Carousel extends StatefulWidget {
  final List items;
  final double height;

  const Carousel({
    @required this.items,
    @required this.height,
  });

  @override
  _CarouselState createState() => _CarouselState();
}

class _CarouselState extends State<Carousel> {
  int _pageIndex = 0;
  PageController _pageController;

  Widget _buildItem(activeIndex, index) {
    final items = widget.items;

    return Center(
      child: AnimatedContainer(
        curve: Curves.easeInOut,
        duration: Duration(milliseconds: 300),
        height: activeIndex == index ? 500.0 : 450.0,
        margin: EdgeInsets.symmetric(vertical: 20.0, horizontal: 10.0),
        decoration: BoxDecoration(
          color: items[index].color,
          borderRadius: BorderRadius.all(Radius.circular(12.0)),
        ),
        child: Stack(
          fit: StackFit.expand,
          children: <Widget>[
            ClipRRect(
              borderRadius: BorderRadius.all(
                Radius.circular(12.0),
              ),
              child: Image.network(
                items[index].image,
                fit: BoxFit.cover,
              ),
            ),
            Align(
              alignment: Alignment.bottomCenter,
              child: Row(
                children: <Widget>[
                  Expanded(
                    child: Container(
                      padding: EdgeInsets.all(12.0),
                      decoration: BoxDecoration(
                        color: Colors.black26,
                        borderRadius: BorderRadius.only(
                          bottomRight: Radius.circular(12.0),
                          bottomLeft: Radius.circular(12.0),
                        ),
                      ),
                      child: Text(
                        items[index].title,
                        textAlign: TextAlign.center,
                        style: TextStyle(
                          fontSize: 20.0,
                          fontWeight: FontWeight.bold,
                          color: Colors.white,
                        ),
                      ),
                    ),
                  )
                ],
              ),
            ),
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }

  @override
  void initState() {
    super.initState();
    _pageController = PageController(
      initialPage: 0,
      viewportFraction: 0.8,
    );
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Column(
      children: <Widget>[
        Container(
          height: widget.height,
          child: PageView.builder(
            pageSnapping: true,
            itemCount: heroes.length,
            controller: _pageController,
            onPageChanged: (int index) {
              setState(() {
                _pageIndex = index;
              });
            },
            itemBuilder: (BuildContext ctx, int index) {
              return _buildItem(_pageIndex, index);
            },
          ),
        ),
        PageIndicator(_pageIndex, widget.items.length),
      ],
    );
  }
}

之后在 IndexPage 部件里就只用实例化一个 Carousel 了,同时由于 IndexPage 不用管理部件状态了,可以将它变成 StatelessWidget

完整代码

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

class Hero {
  final Color color;
  final String image;
  final String title;

  Hero({
    @required this.color,
    @required this.image,
    @required this.title,
  });
}

List heroes = [
  Hero(
    color: Color(0xFF86F3FB),
    image: "https://game.gtimg.cn/images/lol/act/img/skin/big22009.jpg",
    title: '寒冰射手-艾希',
  ),
  Hero(
    color: Color(0xFF7D6588),
    image: "https://game.gtimg.cn/images/lol/act/img/skin/big39006.jpg",
    title: '刀锋舞者-艾瑞莉娅',
  ),
  Hero(
    color: Color(0xFF4C314D),
    image: "https://game.gtimg.cn/images/lol/act/img/skin/big103015.jpg",
    title: '九尾妖狐-阿狸',
  ),
];

class Carousel extends StatefulWidget {
  final List items;
  final double height;

  const Carousel({
    @required this.items,
    @required this.height,
  });

  @override
  _CarouselState createState() => _CarouselState();
}

class _CarouselState extends State<Carousel> {
  int _pageIndex = 0;
  PageController _pageController;

  Widget _buildItem(activeIndex, index) {
    final items = widget.items;

    return Center(
      child: AnimatedContainer(
        curve: Curves.easeInOut,
        duration: Duration(milliseconds: 300),
        height: activeIndex == index ? 500.0 : 450.0,
        margin: EdgeInsets.symmetric(vertical: 20.0, horizontal: 10.0),
        decoration: BoxDecoration(
          color: items[index].color,
          borderRadius: BorderRadius.all(Radius.circular(12.0)),
        ),
        child: Stack(
          fit: StackFit.expand,
          children: <Widget>[
            ClipRRect(
              borderRadius: BorderRadius.all(
                Radius.circular(12.0),
              ),
              child: Image.network(
                items[index].image,
                fit: BoxFit.cover,
              ),
            ),
            Align(
              alignment: Alignment.bottomCenter,
              child: Row(
                children: <Widget>[
                  Expanded(
                    child: Container(
                      padding: EdgeInsets.all(12.0),
                      decoration: BoxDecoration(
                        color: Colors.black26,
                        borderRadius: BorderRadius.only(
                          bottomRight: Radius.circular(12.0),
                          bottomLeft: Radius.circular(12.0),
                        ),
                      ),
                      child: Text(
                        items[index].title,
                        textAlign: TextAlign.center,
                        style: TextStyle(
                          fontSize: 20.0,
                          fontWeight: FontWeight.bold,
                          color: Colors.white,
                        ),
                      ),
                    ),
                  )
                ],
              ),
            ),
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }

  @override
  void initState() {
    super.initState();
    _pageController = PageController(
      initialPage: 0,
      viewportFraction: 0.8,
    );
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Column(
      children: <Widget>[
        Container(
          height: widget.height,
          child: PageView.builder(
            pageSnapping: true,
            itemCount: heroes.length,
            controller: _pageController,
            onPageChanged: (int index) {
              setState(() {
                _pageIndex = index;
              });
            },
            itemBuilder: (BuildContext ctx, int index) {
              return _buildItem(_pageIndex, index);
            },
          ),
        ),
        PageIndicator(_pageIndex, widget.items.length),
      ],
    );
  }
}

class PageIndicator extends StatelessWidget {
  final int currentIndex;
  final int pageCount;

  const PageIndicator(this.currentIndex, this.pageCount);

  Widget _indicator(bool isActive) {
    return Container(
      width: 6.0,
      height: 6.0,
      margin: EdgeInsets.symmetric(horizontal: 3.0),
      decoration: BoxDecoration(
        color: isActive ? Color(0xff666a84) : Color(0xffb9bcca),
        shape: BoxShape.circle,
        boxShadow: [
          BoxShadow(
            color: Colors.black12,
            offset: Offset(0.0, 3.0),
            blurRadius: 3.0,
          ),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }

  List<Widget> _buildIndicators() {
    List<Widget> indicators = [];
    for (int i = 0; i < pageCount; i++) {
      indicators.add(i == currentIndex ? _indicator(true) : _indicator(false));
    }
    return indicators;
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Row(
      mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
      children: _buildIndicators(),
    );
  }
}

class IndexPage extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        elevation: 0.0,
        backgroundColor: Colors.white,
      ),
      body: Carousel(
        height: 540,
        items: heroes,
      ),
      backgroundColor: Colors.white,
    );
  }
}

至此,整个布局就完成了! 😎